What is Job Satisfaction?

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What is Job Satisfaction?
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‘Job satisfaction’ is a term thrown around in HR circles. While you may have an idea of the term and how it can be harnessed for improving the overall employer brand of your organization, job satisfaction can be powerful in the HR arsenal. It can take your brand to new heights, which would make working in your company desirable for candidates.


So, what does it take to ensure that candidates line up your doorway for new opportunities? What are the factors that enable job satisfaction? How is it relevant for the employees and the employers? We will be discussing all these and more in this article.


Understanding Job Satisfaction

Job satisfaction refers to the feeling of contentment employees feel while being a part of an organization. It is a feeling of fulfilment the employees have while undertaking their daily responsibilities within an organization.

It is also referred to as ‘employee satisfaction’ or ‘work satisfaction’. Since employee satisfaction is a feeling, HRs often find it hard to quantify it accurately. However, being an essential component for employee retention and engagement, HRs are more likely to use various tools like HRMS software and innovative strategies to improve employee satisfaction within their organizations.


Research published by Paul Spector in 1997, named Job Satisfaction: Application, assessment, causes, and consequences, defines different factors affecting job satisfaction:

  • Appreciation
  • Communication
  • Coworkers
  • Fringe Benefits
  • Job Conditions
  • Nature of Work
  • Organization
  • Personal Growth
  • Policies and Procedures
  • Promotion Opportunities
  • Recognition
  • Job Security
  • Supervision.


Factors Affecting Job Satisfaction

On the other hand, we can observe that most of the factors defined by Paul Spector are relevant for job satisfaction and engagement in the modern workplace too. To keep it short and simple, we will be shedding light on a few factors affecting job satisfaction, that are the most relevant to ensure the well-being of your staff members.


These components affect the overall perception of the employee towards their organization and have a huge influence on how satisfied they remain with their job and companies. Hence, it is essential to understand the factors affecting job satisfaction and make necessary changes, which will help the staff remain engaged and satisfied in their designations.


1. Work-life Balance

Work-life balance is essential for any employee since they spend a major portion of their waking hours within their companies. Hence, they would be more satisfied in the company which actively encourages them with their hobbies and does not hamper their personal obligations. Employees will have a higher level of satisfaction in these organizations as they understand that the company values their personal lives as much as their professional lives.


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2. Growth Opportunities

Similarly, providing adequate growth opportunities is also shown to have increased overall job satisfaction rate. By providing numerous growth opportunities, you will be displaying your commitment towards improving the employees’ skillset and helping them grow in their field of work. It enables the HRs to keep their staff satisfied, cementing their loyalty toward their organization.


3. Transparency

Having transparency throughout the organization is also essential for increased employee satisfaction rate as it enables the staff to understand the expectations of the company, which helps the employees to work better. Similarly, transparent communication also paves the way for constructive feedback that feels natural, creating an inclusive work atmosphere, increasing their effectiveness.


4. Compensation

Another major factor contributing towards improved job satisfaction is compensation management. By having a robust payroll and benefits management system, you can ensure that your employees are paid on time with accurate salaries and benefits, leading to improved satisfaction rates. Similarly, it is essential to have competitive salary structures and unique benefits for employees to stay longer.


5. Recognition

Recognizing and rewarding your employees is as important as robust compensation management. By recognizing their efforts and rewarding their initiatives, you will be displaying your commitment towards those employees who work hard for the company. Additionally, it will also motivate others to work harder, improving the overall performance.


6. Work Environment

The work environment also plays a major role in enhancing work satisfaction. Various aspects of the work environment can be enhanced by keeping the comfort of the employees in mind, which enhances their satisfaction with their job and the company. Some of these factors include ergonomic office spaces, adequate facilities such as a cafeteria and pantry, a positive culture, and more.


7. Flexible Schedules

Providing flexible work schedules in terms of time and location helps improve employee satisfaction as they can work at their convenience. It helps them complete their work on time as they can undertake their work whenever and wherever they feel productive. Having this flexibility enables them to complete their work on time, improving their satisfaction rate with their job and organization.


Relevance of Job Satisfaction for Employers

Apart from the employees, even the employers benefit from keeping their employees satisfied with their organization. Satisfied employees will not only improve their performance and loyalty to the company but will also result in improved work quality, which translates to better revenue.


Hence, let us check out the relevance of job satisfaction for employers, such as:


➔ Increased Productivity

Satisfied employees are more productive since they have an emotional attachment to the company. They will be happier to work for an organization with which they are emotionally involved, while also sharing innovative ideas with their colleagues. It also results in improved team bonding and better bottom line, further improving organizational productivity.


➔ Reduced Employee Turnover

Employees who are satisfied with their organization are also more likely to stay in their current jobs as they are invested in their company. They develop a sense of belonging to their organization, which results in reduced employee turnover. Moreover, it would lead to reduced absenteeism as the staff members would be passionate about their work.


➔ Improved Customer Satisfaction

Building better customer relationships is a hallmark of successful brands. When the employees feel satisfied with their work, they would provide better support and assistance to their customers and clientele, leading to increased customer satisfaction. It helps improve your brand value among your customers, resulting in increased revenue.


➔ Better Revenue

The factors which we discussed until now help improve the company’s products and services, which results in better revenue for the organization. Additionally, due to the improved work ethics and engaged staff members, the motivation of employees to perform better increases, resulting in better overall quality, leading to increased profits for the organization.


➔ Better Employer Branding

Satisfied employees are also responsible for spreading word that their organization takes care of their staff. Additionally, the multiple strategies undertaken by the HR team members to improve the overall employee satisfaction rate would also result in a workplace that prioritizes employee well-being. Hence, having satisfied employees also leads to better employer branding.


Relevance of Job Satisfaction for Employees

Job satisfaction of employee is equally important to an employee as it is the best way to stay engaged with the right organization for longer. Employee satisfaction also provides the staff with an enhanced level of motivation to work better for their organization, while also feeling appreciated to be a valued member of the team.

Hence, job satisfaction is relevant for the employees as it helps with:


➔ Increased Job Security

Both job security and employee satisfaction are interlinked. Better job security is less likely to suffer from stress and burnout. They also contribute to a positive work environment by staying motivated and engaged with their work. In contrast, a lack of job security leads to demotivation and affects the overall job satisfaction of employee in companies.


➔ Improved Work Culture

Satisfied employees also contribute towards a healthy work culture as they gel well with their team members. Since they are satisfied with their organization, they also undertake their work with enthusiasm, which in turn leads to a better work culture in the company. Hence, work culture and employee satisfaction influence each other, making them essential for a better work experience.


➔ Better Relations

Employee satisfaction also results in better work relations since the staff would be able to undertake their jobs better. Similarly, the supervisor would have a better relationship with their subordinates, resulting in a workplace where mutual respect and understanding are cherished. Hence, satisfied employees result in better work relations.


➔ Enhanced Work Environment

Satisfied employees are also more likely to improve their work and workplace by ideating improvement strategies. The HR and the management can gather their feedback to make necessary changes, which will better the workplace for everyone working with the organization. Hence, employee satisfaction helps improve the work conditions for the employees of the organization.


Job Satisfaction Strategies

Since we have understood the relevance of keeping your staff satisfied with their jobs and your company, let us discuss some of the simplest yet effective strategies that lead to your employees remaining satisfied at work. These strategies may require innovative thinking in some cases; however, they can lead to incredible results, that are worth the time and effort.


Some of the most effective employee satisfaction improvement strategies are:


1. Offer Job Flexibility

Employees all over the world love flexibility in their jobs. Having flexible work schedules and work structure enables them to work according to their preferences, enabling increased productivity.


Flexible work schedules as well as the ability to work at their preferred locations help the staff to be ‘in the zone’, improving their productivity multiple times. While providing such flexibility may be impossible in some cases due to the nature of the work, employers should implement these practices whenever possible.


2. Provide Growth Opportunities

Similarly, providing adequate growth opportunities in the form of training and development initiatives will improve your employees’ satisfaction in your organisation as they understand that you value them enough to help them better their skills. Hence, companies should provide adequate growth opportunities with a training management system which can provide gamified learning experiences to make it engaging for the employees.


3. Set Clear Career Paths

Additionally, by setting clear career paths, you can display your commitment towards helping them achieve their professional goals in life. Once the employees have the right understanding of the various career paths available to them within the organization, they are more likely to stay longer with their company.


4. Develop Feedback Mechanisms

Similarly, employees who understand their importance in the organization will also remain satisfied with their jobs. A simple yet effective strategy to make them feel valued is to have continuous feedback mechanisms with visible changes. It helps the staff understand that their opinions and suggestions are valued, and the company is improving itself to make the workplace better for everyone.



The bottom line is that job satisfaction of employee is essential for both employees and employers. While employees would love working for an organization where they are kept satisfied, it also provides the company with loyal staff, who are engaged with their workplace.


We hope that you understand the various factors affecting job satisfaction among employees, as well as its relevance for both employees and employers. You can follow the simple and effective strategies to develop a satisfied workforce who stays engaged with your organization.


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