What are the 4 Stages of Team Development? [For Team leaders]

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Team Development
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Who loves to be treated as a resource? Today, things have changed. The way you decide to treat your team members decides the way team performance going to be. This blog will help you understand the importance and stages of team development for productivity.


This article will be moreover a team leadership-oriented and not team management. Almost every team has gone through these 4 stages of team development. As believed, these are the stages to improve team relations and results.


About the team development model

The team development model consists of 4 stages as follows-


  1. Storming
  2. Norming
  3. Performing
  4. Adjourning


Team development starts with forming a team. Before getting into the storming stage team needs to be formed. Usually, teams at the initial (formation) stage consist of anxious and unaware members with unclear responsibilities and deliverables.


As a team leader, you must have a one-to-one with your employees and clear them with the expectations and project details.


Initial precautions and leadership could help you from future team errors and dissipated team strength. Now, since you have formed a team with clear expectations, we can move towards the team development cycle.

Here we go…


Illustrated below are 4 stages of team development-


1. Storming

Where most teams fail – the storming stage involves efforts put into expanding boundaries established during the initial stage.


Here, teams can experience conflicts internally due to the same responsibilities and recognition. Negative vibes could develop with different work styles and approaches. A team leader here must identify such cancer within the team and solve it at the earliest.


What the team lead can do is organize a feedback session and then attend to the problems. Communication and attention can play a good role in solving conflicts and getting the team to par.


2. Norming

Now once the storming stage has ended and peers have started normalizing with each other, you enter the second stage.


By this stage, team members start respecting each other’s work and strengths. As the name says, the team members here start norming onto the same frequency (track). This stage collates and directs team efforts toward the right dot.


A team lead can motivate members for better and recognizable work. Ensure the resonance is matched and equal efforts are put in.


3. Performing

After the norming stage, your team enters the peak stage i.e. performing stage. Here hard work is everything (or say smart work). The team leader must plan some strategies and work plans to meet the mark.


The performing stage is all about encashing your efforts into results. By now your team is in good shape and performing with respect to team strategy.


4. Adjourning

Time to close or adjourn the current project. The team members learned a lot with ups and down indeed. This stage comes after the project is over or team members divide.


It’s time to look back and observe the falls and try to improve for the next project. It’s time to celebrate for the project’s success and team performance. The team leader can recall the positives and negatives throughout and also felicitate performers for motivation.


Leaders are not just meant for shaping the team but supporting it as well.



Putting stages together, team bonding and performance management are the two crucial steps in the successful making of the last stage – adjourning!


Dedicated HRMS solutions along with their next-gen appraisal software and employee experience modules help you make the most of the team. Pocket HRMS is one such online HR software.


Get your FREE trial today. Should have any queries? sales@pockethrms.com


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