What is Probation Period?

Probation Period Meaning

The probation is a trial period of a new hire’s employment when the employee meets with company culture, rules, policies, and job responsibilities. On the other hand, employers get a chance to trail new employees, monitor their performance, and understand whether the employees are suitable for the required field and related duties, etc.


Depending on the organization, probation can last for one month to six months or more. After completing the probation period, employees get a confirmation letter from the employers.



Benefits of the Probation Period

A probation period has become permanent for almost every organization. It helps the employees understand the company culture and their responsibility for the company. Alternatively, employers also get the advantage of deciding their potentiality for the required position even if they confirm their employment after the trial period.


In this section, we discuss the benefits of introducing probation periods in the organization from the employees’ and employers’ end.


➔ Benefits of Probation Period for Employees

After receiving the joining letter, employees spend a minimum of 1 month to 6 months in probation period until receiving the confirmation letter from the employers. Is providing probation essential for the employees? Yes, it is. During probation, freshers better understand their work prospects, future roles, and responsibilities.


On the other hand, experienced candidates get time to show their work skills. Based on their expertise, employers decide whether to hire them permanently or not.


➔ Benefits of Probation Period for Employers

A probationary period is not only beneficial for the employees. It is essential for the employers as well. During the probation, employers get a chance to verify the performance of new employees, analyze their work ethic, and compatibility with work culture and organizational goals. Moreover, at this time, organizations provide feedback and guidance to new hires that facilitate them in team building and knowledge procurement.


Moreover, suppose any issues arise during the probation period, such as performance concerns or cultural misalignment. In that case, employers can address them promptly and take appropriate actions, including termination if necessary, without the complexities often associated with terminating permanent employees.



What are the Employment Laws on Probation Period?

In India, many judicial cases have been built for the probationary employees. Even probationary employees remain excluded from all the benefits until permanent. Here are the recent guidelines according to the probation period rules in India 2024.


Probation Period Rules in India 2024

  • In 2024, the Supreme Court enacted a law under the Industrial Employment Standing Orders Act of 1946 that the probation period could not exceed more than two months. Employers can extend probation up to four months in any special scenario. However, in some states, the probationary period can exceed up to 240 days or eight months.
  • Employers may terminate any employee without prior notice for misbehaviour and fraudulent activities. Such termination will not come under statute of the Subsection of the Industrial Disputes Act, Section 7. (2).
  • A probationary employee cannot be permanent unless the company issues an official confirmation.
  • As per the Industrial Employment Act of 1946, It is mandatory to obey the probationary rule for both employees and employers. Besides, each party gets benefits during the period. Employees put in their best effort to showcase their skills and excellence, and employers get time to test the employees’ skills and provide KT for future development.



Frequently Asked Questions

1. Is the Probation Period good or bad?

The probation period meaning, a time duration when the new joiners meet with their team, get a chance to be introduced to company culture, understand their task and responsibilities, etc. The probation period is good to implement. Here are the following reasons.


➔ Assessment Period

For employers, the probation period serves as a duration in which they can assess the employee’s performance, suitability for the role, and overall fit within the organization. It helps mitigate the risk of hiring the wrong person for the job.


➔ Opportunity for Improvement

For employees, the probation period provides an opportunity to showcase their skills, learn about the company culture, and make adjustments based on feedback. It allows them to demonstrate their capabilities and commitment to the job.


➔ Clear Expectations

Establishing a probationary period sets clear expectations for both parties regarding performance standards, goals, and evaluation criteria. It can help align expectations and facilitate open communication between employers and employees.


2. Do we get a salary during the Probation Period?

Though the probationary employees are eligible for salary during the probation period, the employment contract would matter for the terms of salary, leave entitlement and other employment benefits.


Government employees get full during the probation as per their pay grade. Hence the private sector employees’ salaries may vary during the phase. It is better to negotiate the salary and employment benefits like convenience, health insurance, and increment, before accepting the offer.


3. Can I quit during the Probation Period?

Yes, It is absolutely fine to quit during the probation period. Even if it does not affect your future job. Moreover, quitting during the probation period helps future employers understand that you were a bad fit for the previous work. If you wait long, it can be harder for you to explain.


4. What happens when the Probation Period ends?

Once the probation period ends, several outcomes are possible depending on the employee performance and the employer’s way of candidates’’ final selection. The following scenarios can be possible.

  1. If the employee has met or exceeded expectations, employers confirm them as permanent employees and provide them with the confirmation and other necessary documents.
  2.  If there are scenarios that the employee’s performance is fair not up to the mark, the period may be extended to provide further opportunities for improvement.
  3.  In the third scenario, if performance issues persist or if the position is no longer needed, the employee may be terminated from their employment.


5. Will my salary increase after the Probation Period?

It is dependable on your performance and the company’s policy. In some cases, the company provides a revamped salary structure of salary hikes with the confirmation letter but in such scenarios, employers inform it during the negotiation round with employees.


In other cases, during onboarding, if the employers don’t mention the salary hike after the probation, there is no chance of to salary increase. However, in some extraordinary scenarios like outstanding performance of employees, salary will be increased.


6. What is the time limit for Probation?

As per the government guideline, the time limit of probation is a minimum of 2 months. You can say that the trial period usually lasts between 3 months to a year.


7. Is it compulsory to have a Probation Period?

It is not mandatory to integrate a probation period in the company. However, it is necessary for both employees and employers. Employees get a chance to be introduced to the company culture, understand their job responsibilities and showcase their expertise during the phase.


On the other hand, employers get a scope to test the employees’ skills and excellence for the relevant requirements. The probation period mainly creates a transparent employee-employer relationship within the organization.


8. How do I clear my Probation Period?

Here are the top 5 strategies to clear my probation period

  • keep a positive impression throughout the period
  • Count your progress
  • Find opportunities to assist with work
  • Maintain a good team-building nature
  • Be punctual and responsible


9. Do we get a performance bonus in the Probation Period?

The provision of a performance bonus during the probationary period varies among employers and their respective policies. Some companies may offer performance bonuses to incentivize and acknowledge exemplary performance during this period, while others may not extend such benefits until after the probationary period is completed.


10. Can a company terminate an employee during a Probation Period?

Yes, employers can terminate any employees during the probation period. During the probation, the company evaluates the employee’s performance, behaviour, and overall suitability for the position. If the employer determines that the employee is not meeting the required standards or is not a good fit for the organization, they may choose to terminate the employment relationship with minimal notice or without cause, depending on the jurisdiction and contractual agreements.

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