Paid leave ensures a span of time off that an employee gets from the organization due to illness, vacation, and more without any salary loss. The quantity of paid leave differs for every organization.
When an employee works in the government sector or private sector he gets a certain amount of leave allocated at the beginning of the financial year. In the case of the private sector, each company has numerous leave policies, and leave is calculated accordingly.
What is Paid Leave?
Paid leave defines the amount of leave that an employee can take for personal reasons or to rest and recharge without suffering a loss of income. The number of paid leave depends on factors such as the length of employment, company policies, and legal requirements in the employee’s jurisdiction.
People take this kind of leave for various reasons such as personal time off, vacations, holidays, illness, or other approved reasons.
Paid Leave of absence is essential to maintaining employee engagement and enhancing work-life balance and overall job satisfaction.
The amount of paid leave usually begins from 12 and may go up to 30 to 40 in a year. Paid time off or paid leave is differentiated into different types like privileged leave, maternity leave, parental leave, paternity leave, sick leave, casual leave, etc.
1. What are the top 5 types of Paid Leave of Absence?
Depending on the leave policy, different companies have different paid leave amounts and times. However, there are numerous paid leave policies applied for all employees. These are the following.
➔ Paid Vacation Leave
Taking vacations maintains a work-life balance for employees. Employees take personal leave as paid leave of absence for travel, relaxation, or spending time with family and friends.
The amount of paid vacation time increases with employees’ experience in the company. During the paid vacation leave of absence, employees can enjoy the vacation while they get paid.
Based on the company leave policy there must be some limitation of taking paid vacation leave yet the specific amount of paid vacation time an employee receives may be influenced by factors like years of service, performance, positions, etc.
➔ Paid Sick Leave
Employees taking leave due to illness, injury sickness or other medical appointments are counted as paid sick leave.
Paid sick leave provides time off with compensation to the employees when they are unable to work. Some companies mandate a minimum amount of paid sick leave, while employers may offer additional sick days. On the other hand, some companies offer a number of leaves where employees have to manage the sick leaves from the leave bucket.
In some special scenarios, people may take uncountable time off when they’re undergoing a serious health condition or if they’re taking care of a family member or loved one who’s currently experiencing a health condition.
➔ Paid Holidays
In every country, people celebrate special days like New Year, Christmas, Thanksgiving, Independence Day, etc. Those holidays are counted as national holidays or regional holidays and employees get paid for them.
In India, All private and government sector employees get a certain amount of fixed holidays under the standard leave policy. Those are called the public holidays. Additionally, employees get a number of time off as regional holidays.
Let’s take an example, employees of Mumbai and West Bengal can get public holidays like Independence Day. But in the case of regional holidays like Ganesh Chaturthi, Maharastra employees get paid holiday, while the same happens in the case of Durga puja for Bengalis.
➔ Paid Personal or Floating Days
Some employers offer a set number of paid personal or floating days that employees can use for various personal reasons, such as attending special events, birthdays, or handling personal affairs.
Bereavement leave is immediately available for the employees after applying. They have not to wait for acceptance leave requests. This type of leave also known as mourning leave is granted to employees who are experiencing the loss of close family members and loved ones.
Employees take the time off to express grief, make funeral arrangements, and attend memorial services for the lost family member.
Companies often require some necessary documents as proof like a death certificate or obituary, to qualify for bereavement leave. The goal of bereavement leave is to provide employees with the support and flexibility they need during a difficult and emotional time in their lives.
2. Paid leave vs. Unpaid leaves
There are numerous differences between paid leave and Unpaid leave. One of the main reasons is employees getting paid for the paid leave of absence yet they have to pay for the unpaid leave of absence. Let’s see the difference between paid and unpaid leave in detail.
|Paid leave||Unpaid leaves|
|Employees receive the regular salary for taking days or days time off.||Employees’ salaries get deducted for taking unpaid time off.|
|Paid leave has a limit of taking paid leave.||Unpaid leave doesn’t have any limit to taking paid leave.|
|Paid leave can be taken for various reasons, such as vacation, sick days, holidays, personal time off, or other approved reasons, depending on the employer’s policies and the employee’s entitlements.||Unpaid leave is typically granted for specific reasons, such as extended medical leave, personal leave beyond accrued paid time off, or other situations where an employee needs to be away from work but does not qualify for paid leave.|