What is Machine Learning?
Machine Learning refers to a branch of artificial intelligence in which the machines are subjected to huge amounts of data in order to learn and identify the patterns in the data, and arrive at conclusions without any intervention from a human being.
Machine learning algorithms are used in a plethora of fields nowadays including medical science, email filtering, speech recognition, chatting with humans, taking phone calls and making appointments, etc.
As machine learning basically deals with how a program eventually learns to do a task on its own with minimal or no intervention from a human, it requires constant input of data known as big data. While the training data can be much lesser in size than the actual data set, the machine algorithm will be able to apply the patterns inferred onto the big data to perform the functions accurately.