What is Butterfly Effect ?
The ‘Butterfly Effect’ hypothesizes that small changes in the initial conditions of a system will lead to catastrophic changes in the future. The term was coined by American mathematician, Edward Norton Lorenz, who is known as the father of the Chaos Theory.
It is named as ‘Butterfly Effect’ due to the example given for explaining the same. The example cites that a butterfly fluttering its wings would eventually lead to the formation of a hurricane.
The idea is one of the inherent components of chaos theory, as it is instrumental in understanding how a seemingly insignificant change will lead to major variations down the line.