Theory X and Theory Y

What is Theory X and Theory Y?

 

‘Theory X and Theory Y’ are two theories postulated by the MIT professor Douglas McGregor that provide two distinct paths for the managers and the supervisors to engage the employees and improve their productivity.

 

Theory X assumes that since all human beings are inherently lazy and are at the workplace solely for the money. Hence, managers who accept theory X usually place a lot of importance on the monetary benefits and the incentives provided to the employees.

 

On the other hand, theory Y assumes that working is a part of the nature of human beings. Hence, managers who accept theory Y motivate the employees constantly and nudge them to perform better with constant recognition and publicly rewarding them.

More HR Terms

Job Description

What is a Job Description?   ‘Job Description’ or ‘JD’ refers to the documentation that provides all the relevant information pertaining to a vacant position

Bargaining Representative

What is Bargaining Representative ?    A ‘Bargaining Representative’ is a mediator, who bargains for the employee in case of any kind of enterprise-level disputes

Fair Representation

What is Fair Representation ? ‘Fair Representation’ refers to the concept of a mediator or a body fulfilling the duties of a mediator, representing both

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