What is Parent or Home Country?
‘Parent Country’ or ‘Home Country’ is the primary country of origin of a company. When a company establishes its branches and subsidiaries in multiple countries, the HR needs to identify and classify the countries in order to modify the HR policies as well as employee handbooks to cater to the wide variety of workforce.
In this scenario, the terms home country, host country and third country have added significance. Host country refers to another country where the company has established its base. Third country is also a different country from where company resources such as manpower are procured. The company would not have a base in these third countries.
The HR need not take extra precautions in case of home country policies as the ones defined while the company was being set up will be enough. However, for host countries and third countries, the HR would need to modify the same.